Learn ArcGIS: Esri Embraces New Vision for Teaching and Learning GIS
Learn ArcGIS is Esri’s new website for teaching GIS to both new and existing users. The site taps ArcGIS Online, apps and datasets and serves as a portal to other teaching and learning opportunities from the company. Executive Editor Adena Schutzberg has an exclusive look at both the educational vision and the site itself.
A New Vision for GIS Teaching and Learning
What is this new vision for teaching and learning GIS? Aileen Buckley, a cartographer/writer and team member on the project, cited three unique aspects to Learn ArcGIS during an interview in late June. First, Learn ArcGIS embraces a new corporate-wide goal of teaching through problem solving rather than via rote “button pushing.” Careful readers of Esri content might have noticed the term “problem solvers” was used in Esri’s ConnectED press release announcing free access for U.S. K-12 schools to ArcGIS Online.
Second, unlike other GIS teaching and learning solutions, Learn ArcGIS requires, for the most part, just an Internet connection. Students access the publicly available Learn ArcGIS website and use a free ArcGIS Online account as a member of the Learn ArcGIS organization. Christian Harder, a writer and information designer on the team, noted students can be up and running in minutes. Some of the content uses ArcGIS for Desktop; students who do not have access to the software are encouraged to download a free trial version.
Third, the problems and examples students will tackle and explore are real. The Learn ArcGIS team is tapping other Esri teams as well as its users for real world problems and datasets. One of the projects (which each consist of one or more lessons) takes advantage of Anne Knowles’ work on Gettysburg’s Civil War battles. The intricate story map encourages users to explore the idea of “line of sight” for a specific purpose: understanding if military leaders could actually see the enemy from their positions.
Using the Learn ArcGIS Website
The Learn ArcGIS website offers a gallery of projects that fall into roughly three categories (Figure 1).
Some projects teach students with no ArcGIS Online experience the vocabulary and basics of the service. With those basics students should be ready to tackle any of the other projects.
Building Maps and Apps
A second project type leads students through building a particular type of map or app. At launch students will find a project that details the creation of an online photo portfolio.
A third type of project focuses on using GIS to tackle a particular problem. One of the projects available at launch examines how geography impacts the distribution of breast cancer deaths in black and white women in the United States. A project planned for a future release explores how a real estate agent might use GIS.
Figure 1: Some of the projects available at the launch of Learn ArcGIS (click for larger image)
Students can sift through the projects using tools to sort by keyword and industry. At launch there are about a dozen projects and over 40 individual lessons, but the plan is to grow the site with content on a variety of topics from around the world. New content should appear later this summer. The projects are not just aimed at beginners: an advanced project on geodesign is in the works. The website will have a strong social component so students can interact with one another as they learn.
Each project also serves as a starting point for more learning. Each one offers pointers to related material on the Learn ArcGIS site as well as content from Esri’s training, education and other teams.
The projects are meant to provide a “holistic view” of GIS, from asking questions to creating maps and then using those maps, per Tim Ormsby, technical writer and a team member. That reminded me of Esri’s discussion of the “Five Steps of the Geographic Approach” and this graphic from 2009 (Figure 2). I found a similar graphic in the “Bridging the Breast Cancer Divide” project in Learn ArcGIS (Figure 3).
Figure 2: Five Steps of the Geographic Approach, 2009
Figure 3: The Spatial Problem Solving Approach, 2014 (click for larger image)
Impact of Learn ArcGIS at Esri
I first heard about Learn ArcGIS after Buckley presented a paper on the topic at the Association of American Geographers conference in Tampa back in April (see her slides from this presentation). I contacted the Esri Education team to learn more and to my surprise I was pointed to the software products team, Clint Brown’s team. That had me scratching my head.
One of the tasks of the Esri products team is to write documentation. Learn ArcGIS is considered part of, or an extension of, traditional software documentation. Or, as Harder put it, perhaps Learn ArcGIS is “documentation 2.0.”
Most Esri documentation does a great job detailing what functions do and how to use them, he explained. But there’s little discussion of when or why you might use that feature to address a particular situation or problem. Learn ArcGIS aims to add that sort of context. In time, Learn ArcGIS will be connected to Esri’s documentation.
In short, said Ormsby, Learn ArcGIS will help break down the teaching and learning silos in the company.
Learn ArcGIS for Educators
There are a number of ways educators can take advantage of Learn ArcGIS. At launch most of the material is aimed at the advanced high school and college level learners. University and K-12 educators can use the resources to develop their own skills. There’s a plan for materials aimed specifically at K-12 students for use by educators taking part in Esri’s ConnectED Initiative.
Educators can use the openly available data services and openly licensed content within their own educational organization’s ArcGIS Online Organization. Alternatively, they can have each student create an account with the Learn ArcGIS organization. The latter may be preferable for educators with less GIS experience or limited on-site support. As for the open licensing, no specific license was attached to the projects when I previewed the website, but the team assured me they will be “open.” The Learn ArcGIS projects only tap publicly available datasets in ArcGIS Online.
One final note for educators. The projects do not have explicit learning objectives, but they do have lists of skills that will be covered, such as these from “Bridging the Breast Cancer Divide.”
Build skills in these areas:
Exploring maps and performing visual analysis
Adding fields, selecting features, and calculating values
Symbolizing the values
Performing hot spot analysis
I previewed the in-development projects before Learn ArcGIS launched. I explored the “basics” project titled “Get Started with ArcGIS Online,” which uses data about Hawaii and volcanos to introduce the ArcGIS Online platform (Figure 4). Then I learned how to “Create a Community Garden Web App.” Finally, I tackled “Bridging the Breast Cancer Divide.”
Figure 4: The listing of lessons in the project titled “Get Started with ArcGIS Online” (click for larger image)
The self-paced, real world-based projects on the Learn ArcGIS website are essentially tutorials. They include a good number of lessons on specific workflows (Figure 5).
Figure 5: An alphabetical listing of all the lessons from all of the existing projects (click for larger image)
The lesson details will look familiar to anyone who has followed a software tutorial (Figure 6).
Figure 6: Step-by-step instructions in “Bridging the Breast Cancer Divide” (click for larger image)
The “Create a Community Garden Web App” provides a recipe to create the app using data from the Tequesquite Community Garden in Riverside, California. The four lessons in the project offer step-by-step guidance even as they teach the student how to georeference a raster map and edit vector data. This is how problem-based learning works: specific knowledge (in this case, georeferencing and vector editing) is acquired on the way to solving the larger problem.
The “Bridging the Breast Cancer Divide” project begins with the New York Times article that prompted its development. There’s a discussion of the Spatial Problem Solving Approach that I hope encourages motivated learners to veer away from the step-by-step instructions and explore their own questions after completing the nine-lesson tutorial. I would have liked to see a “you are here map” of my progress through the nine lessons - I kept having to return to the project’s table of contents to see where I was. A progress meter, especially for the projects with more than a few lessons, would be a nice enhancement for a future release.
All of the projects provide a solid base in how to use Esri’s GIS software and some insight into its potential to solve real world problems. I want to encourage teachers and learners to use Learn ArcGIS in the best traditions of problem-based learning: as a basis for their own lessons and explorations.